From 1 January 2021, free movement will end and the UK will introduce a points-based immigration system. The new system will treat EU and non-EU citizens equally and transform the way in which all migrants come to the UK to work. Anyone coming to the UK to work, excluding Irish citizens, will need to apply for permission in advance.
The key things employers need to know are:
- The way you hire from the EU is changing. From 1 January 2021, you will need to register as a licensed sponsor to hire eligible people from outside the UK.
- Free movement is ending, and the new points-based immigration system will introduce job, salary and language requirements that will change the way you hire from the EU.
- The new system will treat EU and non-EU citizens equally and transform the way in which employers recruit from outside the UK.
- You’ll need a sponsor licence to hire most eligible employees from outside the UK.
Skilled worker route
- From 1 January 2021, if you want to recruit workers from outside the UK’s resident labour market, you will need to be a Home Office licensed sponsor. This will enable you to recruit workers from anywhere in the world.
- Under the new skilled worker route, anyone coming to the UK
to work will need to demonstrate that:
- they have a job offer from a Home Office licensed sponsor
- the job offer is at the required skill level – RQF 3 or above (A Level and equivalent)
- they speak English to the required standard
- In addition to this, the job offer must meet the applicable
minimum salary threshold. This is the higher of either:
- the general salary threshold set by Her Majesty’s Government on advice of the independent Migration Advisory Committee at £25,600, or
- the specific salary requirement for their occupation, known as the “going rate”
- Applicants will be able to ‘trade’ characteristics, such as
their qualifications, against a lower salary to get the required number of
points. If the job offer is less than the minimum salary requirement, but no
less than £20,480, an applicant may still be eligible if they have:
- a job offer in a specific shortage occupation
- a PhD relevant to the job
- a PhD in a STEM subject relevant to the job
- There are different salary rules for workers in certain health or education jobs, and for “new entrants” at the start of their careers.
- Further information on the “going rate” for specific occupations and further exemptions can be found in Annex E of the UK points-based immigration system: further details statement.
- To identify whether a job meets the required skill level for the skilled worker route, go to the GOV.UK website.
Becoming a sponsor
- Getting a sponsor licence normally takes eight weeks and fees apply.
- Before applying, employers should check their eligibility. To get a licence, you cannot have unspent criminal convictions for immigration offences or certain other crimes, such as fraud or money laundering.
- For guidance on becoming a Home Office licensed sponsor, please refer to the full policy guidance on sponsoring a migrant worker on GOV.UK.
EU citizens already in the UK
- The new system will not apply to EU citizens living in the UK by 31 December 2020. They and their family members are eligible to apply to the EU Settlement Scheme and have until 30 June 2021 to make an application.
- As a transition measure, employers can continue to accept the passports and national identity cards of EU citizens as evidence of their right to work up until 30 June 2021.
- Employers cannot insist that EU citizens use the online service or discriminate against those who wish to use their passport or national identity card.
- As an employer there is no requirement for a follow up check to be undertaken on EU citizens who were employed on or before 30 June 2021. Employers will maintain a continuous statutory excuse against a civil penalty if the initial checks were undertaken as set out in the guidance.
- Where the right to work check has been carried out in accordance with the relevant secondary legislation, employers will have established a continuous statutory excuse and a legal defence against liability for a civil penalty in the event that the employee does not have the right to work.
- Further information about Right to Work checks for EU citizens can be found on the GOV.UK website.
Status of EU, EEA and Swiss citizens frontier working in the UK
- A frontier worker is an EU citizen who commutes into the UK for work but lives elsewhere.
- If an employee is frontier working in the UK by 31 December 2020, they will be able to keep their frontier worker status but will need to apply for a Frontier worker permit.
- The Frontier Worker Permit Scheme will open for applications on 10 December 2020.
- Frontier workers will continue to be able to enter the UK using a valid passport or national identity card until 1 July 2021.
- From 1 July 2021, those eligible will need to hold a valid frontier worker permit as well as a valid passport or national identity card, to enter the UK as a frontier worker.
- Irish citizens’ rights are protected under the Common Travel Area and they do not need to apply for a frontier worker permit, but they can if they want to.
- Take a look at the frontier worker guidance pages on GOV.UK for more information.
More Information and resources
If you are an employer you should visit the dedicated GOV.UK page for the latest guidance and resources to support you with the points-based immigration system.
The Home Office has recorded this special podcast, in which they are joined by a panel of independent business and immigration experts for a discussion on hiring from overseas from January 2021 and steps businesses can take to get ready.
For an overview on the changes read this Guidance on the new points-based immigration system for employers.
For detailed information on the sponsorship process, eligibility requirements and fees read this Employers guide to becoming a licensed sponsor of skilled migrant workers